The aftermath of Karnataka elections, the battle of ideologies, issues and Indian democracy: An Analysis

The events leading to the Karnataka elections, the results, floor test and the after math has captivated the mindset of the Indian voters and international audience alike. It demonstrates the repetition of India’s history, the political institutions at work vide their un-decorated discourses, platitudinous discussions and orthodox style of play. Such was the democratic hullabaloo surrounding the elections that the Supreme Court of India itself was forced into an eventful role.

The aforesaid concluded Karnataka state assembly elections marked a definite shift in the political paradigm of the country consisting of a direct face-off between the rampaging saffron party viz. Bharatya Janta Party (BJP) and the remnant stronghold of the Indian National Congress (INC). Whereas the Janta Dal (Secular) [JD(S)] played a defining role in the said face off. As the results persisted, BJP won 104 seats (as compared to 40 in the year 2013), the INC merely won 78 seats or nearly 27 percent (as compared to 122 in 2013) and the JD(S) consolidated its position in southern Karnataka by 37 seats (increased tally by 8 seats compared to 2013).

BJP despite being the single largest party was forced into a position to requisite 8 more seats to reach the magic figure of 112 inter alia it needed the support of 8 more elected figures to attain a majority of 112 seats and form a government. Yet, learning from its Manipur and Goa debacle (experience), INC came together with JD(S) to form a post poll alliance and attained the majority.

Howsoever, as it is said two things are uncertain in life “success and Indian politics”. The JD(S) and INC decided to approach the Governor of Karnataka to form the government. Their said plea was declined and BJP was invited to prove its majority, therewith resulting in a hung assembly. The BJP chief minister candidate Mr. BS Yeddyurappa took a sudden oath and INC was forced to approach the Supreme Court of India over the uncanny act.

A story that involved animosity, enmity and post poll alliance’ also resulted into an integrated input from the Supreme Court of India. It was debated that the Supreme Court in the case of S.R. Bommai vs Union of India, AIR 1994 SC 1918 had established a ratio decidendi holding that in the situation of a hung assembly (where no political party has obtained a clear majority of seats) the final decision rests with the concerned legislature through a floor test (vote of confidence). The Governor’s decision and discretion is a mere trigger to enable the legislature to decide the matter, while keeping in mind that none of the provisions of the constitution are violated. The Governor enjoys a pivotal role to expeditiously invite a floor test within 48 hours or a week through a maximum period of 48 days.

Despite the set precedence, the said virtue has always been difficult to implement. Governors are appointed at the whim and fancy of a political party, the courts are forced to intervene at the sight of violation of constitution and ultimately it comes down to the conduct of the legislation.

Thus again came wisdom and vision of the highest court of India. The senior counsel Mr. Mukul Rohtagi representing the BJP contended that their party can prove the majority at appropriate time, whereas the opposition (represented by senior counsels Mr. Abhishek Manu Singhvi and Mr. Kapil Sibbal) preferred a chance to prove their own majority at a floor test, which was in lieu with the constitutional provisions. Taking cue from the established precedent the court ordered that a floor test seemed to be best option. The party or coalition that enjoyed the majority should be invited to form the government. Hence, giving them a time till 4 p.m. the very next day to attain the floor test.

Therewith arose the rumors, debates and news-hour gossips, with parties aiming to woo the electoral candidates via means and ammunition. However, it was a matter of time with political analyst understanding the fact that wooing of 7 candidates towards a concentric party would arise clouds of disturbance. The Indian voters however have never respected the political pundits and have utilised the mindsets of their own. WhatsApp messages and fake news were resorted to and put to good use, with titular leaders and political strategist such as Mr. Amit Shah taking the lead, while INC and JD(S) were safekeeping their MLA. 

Things became crystal clear when the BJP chief minister Mr. BS Yeddyurappa resigned within days of taking an oath. BJP failed in the floor test, INC and JD(S) came together to form the party, a replica of the Goa and Manipur elections, with the three parties sitting at the driving seat. Mr. H. D. Kumaraswamy from JD(S) took the oath as the Chief Minister of Karnataka.

Despite the aforesaid, the country’s political dialogue opened up numerous possibilities.  The Karnataka elections were seen as a big prelude to the 2019 general election. While elections are due in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and thereon in Rajasthan, they are presently acting as BJP bastions. A victory in Karnataka would have affirmed the markets that the Modi-Shah partnership was still in function. Whereas, from opposition point of view it was to mark a rejuvenated INC, especially in the aftermath of Gujarat, where the competition was stiff.
Although the BJP garnered highest number of seats, the opposition could breathe a sense of strategic win despite losing out on the majority. Therewith keeping the hope of a strong opposition alive during and post 2019 general elections.

The real significant event was not that the BJP lost its chance to govern Karnataka, but that the INC and JD(S) came together owing to the accident of numbers and a cold shoulder by the center. It is opined that the BJP won considerable number of seats to its own dis-belief. Furthermore, BJP’s present inability to work in support of coalition acted to its own disadvantage, consequently giving the opposition parties a cause to re-unite and form their own alliance.

Politics is always built on opportunistic motives, therewith the success of BJP and its ride on power forced the opposition itself to unite. Furthermore, the flexing of muscles by BJP’ in certain months has crystallized the opposition to formulate togetherness and aim to uproot or restrain BJP. As political pundits and opined audiences, we might argue to an extent as to whose victory and/or defeat it was, however it is trite to state that the country’s political course stands distant from the idea of transparency. As quoted by Santosh Desai in his blog “When the elected representatives in a country need to be corralled into resorts and deprived of the means to communicate with the outside world in order to protect them from their own venality, we know that to expect clean governance from any quarter is a fantasy.”

At a time when the Indian media is stumbling in a frenzy of own, and the voters stand cheering the frivolous political attempts in the name of strategy, it is writ large on the face of the fact that change is no-where near to be seen.

  • boringbug

Boringbug can be reached at www.boringbug.com.

Advertisements

Western world and the myth of the Indian middle class –by Boringbug

Whenever I hear Europeans per se Indian equivalent of foreigners talking about the Indian middle class’ I often wonder what do they mean? What section of the Indian society are they referring to?

Are they referring to the conventional wisdom consisting of the 601 million odd consumer class, or the few 100 million people with the ability to afford their luxuries? Or the ones who earn an equivalent of US 2$ a day according to 1993’s paltry statistics?

Hamara Bajaj
Ailaa! Helmet?

 

The clamour of the economic reforms and the European statistics has been focused on these groups which seem sociological but is not entirely logical. The fact is that the rise of the new middle class in India- drives and makes things happen in an uninhibited, pragmatic and amoral fashion. They also comprise of an exploding consumer market which is best of described as the “bird of gold” or the potential gold mine waiting to be tapped.

However what has never been completely clear is the size of India’s middle class.

In the present times, the Indian middle class is a ripe target for international brands. This is reflected from the overflowing advertisements of the foreign products on television(s) or glossy magazines. Brands ranging from Ray-ban to Armani, Nike to Bata, Hindustan Unilever to Vicco Vajradanti(s), Trump’s Fair & Lovely gamble to Anti- Head & Shoulders. Even the car companies are aiming to target the consumer laden class with their ‘Nano’ sized products to sedan looking Dzires. This is why there is a rush for endorsing sportspersons to attract youngsters. Remember the publicity stunt by Manyavar with Virat and Anushka?

I remember the time when Mohd. Azharuddin (former Indian cricket captain) had endorsed Nike footwear. This had sparked off an unintended controversy- that a name resembling the Prophet cannot adorn a lowly item as a footwear.

Even the alcoholic brands ranging from Kingfisher (*United breweries) to Tuborg started selling their pun intended water bottles, and Bacardi the music CDs (be what you want to be). It is said that more bottles of Johnny Walker Black Label are sold in India than they are distilled in Scotland.

However, the international brands have received a dismayed response from the Indian market. The primary reason being that the Indian middle class is not as cracked up as it seems from the economic point of view. Prima facie the state is indispensable to most people and is unable to provide vital requirements like- physical security, law, infrastructure and basic amenities. Although the country has grown exponentially since 1991, the facilities still seem to lack, are unreliable or dilapidated.

Ironically, amongst the 600 million consumers, barely 100 million or less are able to afford the luxuries of basic material consumption such as the shampoos by Proctor & Gamble. I agree that the said consumer base does purchase basic goods but they are cheaper than the products of the multinational companies. If you are selling tea, coffee, hair oil or fairness creams and plastic buckets, then you definitely stand a chance in India’s ever-expanding consumer base. A fine example of the same would be- “the Red-Mi mobile phones, the mother friendly slippers, the flowery t-shirts, Tupperware lunch boxes (banned in the U.S.A.) and the clinically failed generic medicines”.   

Why didn’t I mention sports shoes? Because the majority of the people in the said class barely earn money half the price of the Nike shoes.

It’s not that Indians are not buying anything. You endorse a white model in an advertisement and make him speak in Hindi “sasta nahi sabse achcha” (Not just cheap but the best), the commonwealth mind-set will suddenly kick in, giving them a high even Bob Marley didn’t get.

From the pre-liberalisation era (pre-1991) there has been indefinite growth. Bicycles have become too common in Indian rural areas, whereas the houses made of mud and hatch are becoming pukka these days.

The television ownership is rising, Republic is not an ideology anymore but a news channel. “Swaraj” is not an aim but a foreign minister, “Chillar” is not a penny but Miss World (with all due respect). India has an ever-growing base, but what they consume and how much can they afford to pay is another matter altogether. One thing which is actually changing at a steady rate is our indifference to the global brand(s). But will it last?

The change is peculiar in nature which probably even Chinese cannot comprehend. We require I-phone X but we need our kidneys too. The economic transformation of India since liberalisation is real but it will be a while until our middle class can afford an apple or an erstwhile Blackberry product altogether.

The composition and character of the new Indian middle class is indeed unique because it now has people who are typically not considered to be belonging to the middle class. Hence, the middle class has become the new “status marker” or the “status quo” where the poor aspire to in a status-conscious society.

– by boringbug


Boringbug is a self-proclaimed blogger who writes for the purpose of sharing. Juggling in between his professional and personal vanities he regulates his blogs with the hope of achieving tranquillity. He can be reached at- www.boringbug.com 

The Koregaon- Bhima Violence in Maharashtra: Maratha Uprising & Dalit Backlash

The sirens screamed and so did the night. Vehicles torched, burned and dusted. Thousands marched on to the street to commemorate the 200 year old tinge of historical affair on the eve of a new year. Yes, that was a sight of the Koregaon- Bhima (Maharashtra) violence between the pride of the Marathas “ek Maratha, lakh Maratha” and the Dalit uprising that has been a stalwart for centuries. But what transpired?

PTI1_2_2018_000146B
Source: News18

On the eve of Dalit commemoration at Koregaon dated January 1, 2018 – violence broke out between the Dalit community and the Marathas. Although the fire was fueled by intrinsic state elements, it led to the death of a teenage boy in the Nanded district, whereas several people and police personnel got injured- leading to a registration of 102 police cases across the entire state. The normal life in the cities of Pune, Mumbai and nearby districts got severely disrupted leading to a complete shutdown during the state-wide bandh called by the Dalit groups. It is estimated that around 11 policemen (some cite 9) suffered injuries while controlling the protestors late in the day. Some constables and a police officer were further injured when an agitated mob of around 3,000 people gathered at the Cidco police station in Aurangabad, forcing the policemen to fire numerous rounds of pellet guns and tear gas to disperse their own countrymen.

A BJP MLA’s office consequently got vandalise leading the lawmakers to spring into action with the arrests of over 30 people, while 1,278 (presently 1500) were detained under the Maharashtra (Bombay) Police Act. In Kolhapur- clashes broke out between the Shiv Sainiks and Dalit protesters. Both the sides torched public vehicles. In Mumbai- local train services were affected repeatedly, shops and establishments were closed throughout the day. All disrupting the innocent lives.

Surprisingly for the first time ever in the politics of Indian subcontinent M.K. Gandhi was nowhere to be seen. For it was the Ambedkar vs Shivaji battle ground all along. The Koregaon- Bhima became a flash-point because of the contingency where at least three political projects and ideologies collide, despite their work to collude with each other. This evidences those uncertain times when friends and foes are hard to recognise within the blur of political sentiments.

PTI1_2_2018_000142B
Source: The Hindu

The said conflict includes the involvement of Brahmins, the Marathas, the Mahars/ Dalits, the Hindutva forces, the Indian heritage and cultural contradictions, and the pleading political parties. Amidst the entirety of turmoil, the issue at hand got lost and what was re-routed was a political agenda. A history that has been the cause at the fore for centuries.

Delving into the history: the battle of Koregaon

The issue began with a British installed war memorial/ a pillar at Koregaon- Bhima commemorating the third Anglo-Maratha war wherein the British East India Company on January 1, 1818 consisting of a few British officers (total 834 troops of which 500 were Mahars/ Dalits) successfully stopped the advancement of the numerically stronger Peshwa army (some 3000-5000 men). It marked not the continuity of the British rule but rather the end of the Peshwa rule. Therefore, for the forever supressed community of the Mahars it is marked as the occasion where they rose above the oppression and stood their ground (the Marxist concept of Bourgeoisie and Proletariats), commemorating their valour in their struggle for equality.

Its political importance was further upheld by the learned Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in January 1927 wherein he visited the site to commemorate the Dalit self-respect and struggle. Over time this parallel memory acquired power as members of the Mahar regiment continuously visited this pillar to pay homage to Mahar militarism and valour.

The Dalit and Maratha point of view- a socio-political point of trajectory

The caste violence that rocked Maharashtra actually spawned two separate narratives (the political ads up to three). In one, there is an attempt to project the unrest as a Dalit oppression versus Maratha pride face-off, and in the other there is confrontation primarily between Harijans and the groups affiliated to BJP-RSS who hail themselves as Hindutva purists. Surprisingly, there is truth in both the side(s) of the story.

Geeta-Desai-Chembur_825
Source: FirstPost

The state has seen immense mobilisation of the Maratha community which feels left behind in the economic downturn, job-quota regimes and education availability. This has led to their legging up after the Dalit(s) and the OBCs. Whereas the Dalit mobilisation in the entire country as it is- is a counter mobilisation against the forces of oppression and misdemeanors. The entire spread of protests is a show of strength by the Dalit community which has lasted throughout the NDA rule of 3 years. Dalits for the second time in the history of Indian sub-continent are coming out vocally against the cultural majoritarianism and attempts to flatten cultural diversity.

Before we come to terms with the contradictions, there are certain aspects which need to be looked into. The Maratha pride and their mobilisation has been taking place from past 3 years. This has been unprecedented in the Independent India’s history and has deeply impacted the minds of the community, further aggravating the deepest fears of the opposite vis-a’-vis the Dalits. Thus we have two contradictory dimensions of the Maratha mobilisation. On one hand it brings forth the stratification within the community and on other it has given the same a sense of pride and collectivism.

Sadly, the entire issue lost its focus from debate to that of street violence. Violence does not allow two things to happen. Firstly there is a failure to recognise the cracks between the inter-group violence because prima facie the focus shifts to the restoration of peace and normalcy. Secondly, in the haste to garner political mileage not much thoughts are poured on the deeper trends, dissatisfaction that the violence signifies.    

The socio- economic perspective-

This socio- economic reality needs to be qualified from two perspectives. Firstly, the Marathas are lagging behind the affluent OBCs (in some scenarios Dalits). Secondly, their demands for quotas reflects anxieties regarding education and jobs. While dominant casts do well in terms of Income, they systematically lag behind other forward castes in terms of education primarily because of their rural background. That is evident from the Indian Human Development Survey.

Dalit-protesters-block-traffic
Source: FirstPost

In Maharashtra (2011-12) 26% of Brahmins were recorded graduates whereas Marathas were only 8.1%. The Dalits stood at 5.1 % and OBCs at 7.6%. However the fascinating aspect is that the Dalits and the OBCs have raked a faster rate in education from 2004-05 onward(s) viz. 1.9% in 2004-05 to 5.1% in 2011-12 respectively. Whereas the Marathas were 4.6% in 2004-05 and 8% in 2011-12 only.

This rise of the OBCs and Dalits has caused resentment amongst the Marathas because of reservations. Since they cannot compete with the upper castes because of their under representation in the English medium colleges, the Marathas have not benefited as much as upper castes from the rise of the services in post- liberalised 1991 India.

The present services led economic growth demands a certain level of education, social demands, skills and attributes. The dominant castes often lack all these attributes whereas the OBCs and the Dalits make it up with the want of reservations. The salaried jobs they are offered generally makes it up for the stability and average income they are offered’ compared to informal sector and agriculture.

The third wing:

The dissatisfaction on part of both the classes and castes is not a punitive result of historical action but rather a failure of the political divinity to adhere to their respective promises. Amidst the readings and cross cutting fault-lines the assertion by the country’s underprivileged is categorically loud and clear. The onus is on the government to uphold the rule of law in fair and impartial ways, by not discriminating between its vote banks. The BJP-RSS led government needs to look beyond the prism of casteism, for the hullaboo at Koregaon- Bhim were the results of dissatisfaction amongst the two of the most resonated castes in the country and a shout out to the Bourgeoisie vs Proletariat debate.

The ideology of “Sabka Sath Sabka Vikas” (“We work together, we grow together”) has slowly started losing its meaning. Vikas has reportedly been missing while communal dis-harmony is playing its bogul.

Depending on the point of views, credits are being given to communal outfits, anti-social elements, casteist and outsiders. A common cast of characters such as Marathas, Mahars, Brahmins and newer political inventions like Dalits, OBCs and Hindutvadi forces are presenting a sharply divergent politics and conspiracies. It needs to be kept in mind, taking cue from the Maharashtra violence, that a deliberately vague and vivacious idea of a nation cannot be politically sacralised or en-cashed indefinitely. Can one be patriotic and still be proud of the Koregaon- Bhima achievements? Or can the Hindutva forces still undermine the importance of the minorities and their social-economic appeasements? How will the current governing entity differentiate between majoritarianism and a democracy?       

There is one thing crystal clear. In the light of fascism and history- justice lost its cause.

– boringbug

(www.boringbug.com)

The Year 2017 and Indian Pride & Prejudice In A Review

In the inception of the year 2017, numerous people made new year resolutions. Many failed to oblige, while some made waves in their pursuit of the resolutions. However, there were some instances and theatrics in the Indian political subcontinent which stood out of the box. It felt as if Schrodinger had taken the media cat out of the political paradox.

As it started, the television channels vowed their eyes on our very own centurion, the combustion of monosodium glutamate and star of the century- MSG alias Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Ji Insaan. Unfortunately he was caught with his pants down thus forcing the media houses to the beloved saga of Big Boss/Colours wherein a self-styled guru was caught giving his blessings to the fellow inmates with the urinated waters.   

Not very much apart from the dominated saga of the peculiar godmen, women empowerment took a revolution. Certain feminist played it out of the box and captured the television audiences glued with their faces- like- Hamanpreet Kaur (a.k.a. Honeypreet). Mithali Raj & Co. nearly won the women’s cricket world cup and triumphed over the Virat Kohli’s side 11 whom lost to Pakistan. Had Virat Kohli and Co. not been donning the Indian colour on their dresses they might have been brandished as national traitors under the POSCo Act, thankfully they weren’t Manmohan Singh nor were they Hamid Ansari. We were surprisingly blessed by Gurmehar Kaur- the blissful daughter of a martyr who was irrepressibly trolled by the IT wings of the saffron cloud- well Pakistan didn’t kill anyone, and there is no saffron clad chads out there. There was also Varnika Kundu who was hounded and nearly trapped by the son of a saffron clad politician (wait what’s there in a colour). These incidents were terrific, brutal, surprising and yet beautiful, thanks to the erstwhile presence of Ivanka Trump which even clouded the visit of the Orange Bob Head- the Trump Senior. Thank you media, and thank you ache din. Modi was proud enough- after all Ivanka Trump shook his hands more often than he has hugged the Orange Bomb in his lifetime.

The year didn’t bring reprise for the opposition which were nowhere to be seen before the anniversary of demon-e-tisation. It was the likes of Mulayam Singh Yadav, the troubled son Akhilesh, the Lamborghini wala son alongwith our very didi who single handedly brought out the spark in Kamal Hasan’s political ambitions. Our Thaliva the Rajni is still contemplating if Sasikala will haunt him like Jayalalitha did by breaking in and out of her 5 star cell.

However, Arvind Kejriwal lost his cough and his battle with the media houses. Once the shining star and the diapered baby of media’ he has been missing since forever. Perhaps a special inquiry headed by Arun Jaitely will bring out a rationale to his disappearance (Kyun G, 10 crore defamation case anyone?). Wait, this catchphrase was reportedly stolen by the congress after its party members were acquitted from the 2G scam. As Kanimozhi and A. Raja would state- what’s there in a name, so says the Ambani/s and the Tata/s.

The darling Kejriwal has been obscured and taken over by another cultural yogi who has risen from the ashes in U.P. The man who is the admin, the judge and the witness of his own cases- Yogi Adityanath. I tell you- he never denied of his Prime Ministerial ambitions, nor did he admit it. Mr. Gujarat are you listening?

Missing from the action were the erstwhile darlings of the media ratings- Barkha Dutt, who after a decade with NDTV disappeared with a legal battle, and the Karan nowhere to be seen Thapar who after a major stint with India Today is replaced by Rahul (not much promising). The two legends of a journalist fail to find any footsteps amongst the shit-hole that television has become.

The election season in India began with bean bag politics, ashwathama thare gayo was nothing more of a distant dream for the congress. The bogul was heard with the slogans of “donkey” digitalisation, financial distress, and not so surprising insults. Thankfully Rahul Gandhi didn’t use any escape velocity here and successfully managed to become a common enemy for the Party in control along with the in pocket media channels. If you still consider him pappu- remember 71% people in the rural areas in Gujarat voted for his party (the 500 crores of PR seems to have begun its magic).

The Modi coverage has diminished marginally, but the Rahul coverage has gained substantially, irrespective of the reasons- good or bad. This looks promising as the opposition suddenly seems to be making out of its own mud-hole, although still trapped within a beehive.

In the times of nationalism, Pakistan still retained the number 1 enemy spot, second by none other than the terrorists in Kashmir. The mutilation of soldiers, the attacks on military bases (Panchkula), the turmoil of Amarnath yatris etc. These were only superbolted by the ever flying king of fisher– Mallya and the masquerading voice of Thesaurus Dr. Tharoor. The television screen was stuck by a white lightning bolt when the nations most wanted farrago of a journalist returned with his Republic- Arnab Goswami.

Meanwhile people were skinned, brutally tortured and murdered at the whim and fancy of the right wing extremists with cows and cowards as weaponries. Unfortunately, the same didn’t ping the interest of the major viewership but that of the social media. Net neutrality is still looming in confusion.

Gorakhpur became Uttar Pradesh’s most famous destination for politicians, while its hospital got ingrained in the Limca Book of records for children deaths and tragedies. Hospitals were and are the social media favorites where common man are stripped naked in the pretext of a cure- Max Hospital, Delhi is a living example of the same. Only if the dead could tell their tales.

The Gujarat elections were led by the Babur and Dabar wave (the Babar song anyone), with the ruling party back to its focus on the plight of the farmers in the communal lines. Padmavati dream sequence popped up with the Hardik sex tapes boosting the hopes of the Karni Sena and the plight of the unemployed youth across the country. Such was the year that even Rahul Gandhi’s pet dog- the ever entertaining- “Pidi” made it to the headlines.

Smriti Irani meanwhile still aims to shed her erstwhile image, the Tulsi back with a bang. The globally beloved Orange Bob kept on targeting the missile man and the unwatchable news channels only to be retorted by the legend Andy Murray. The pride and prejudice of the Indian political drama theatrics swayed from the Dokhlam standoff to the Gujarati fafdas, all to attain better TRP and favouritism of the one who should not be named.

This rise of an oppposition was nothing short of the season end ATP finale win for Grigor Dimitrov, who even stunned the everlasting Federer banter.

The world is a truly happening place, and even if it wasn’t the media would feed it in your mouth. From Amul to Parle-G, Hrithik getting Rann-out, Sonu Nigam singing Dhinchakly, while Anu aunties running from the Saunt master; even Jhonny Sins was seen promoting his work to his Indian fanbase on twitter.

It was a never imagined scenario where the artificial intelligence decided to screw up the human taught language- to be to be to to- to Mark the Zuckerberg of a new era.

Well, whom to blame, for the year 2017 was un-intentionally eventful. Never thought a day would come that I would agree with the Orange Bob and the Missile Man. Just hurry and scatter this remainder of the year to winds.

Oh wait, its nearing 2018 already? A happy new year to you too!

-boringbug
www.boringbug.com

.

 

GST Reform: The Bigger Picture

gst

GST is not merely a product of objective analysis. The national debate on its implementation is a case in point i.e. to be weighed upon a broader taxation policy perspective. The question at stake is the viability of taxation policy in the whole, which is a dire reflection of the economic policy, highly apprehended by the duties of a state.

As per reports, India’s present GDP- tax contribution is merely 18% which is miser in comparison to that of the developed nations i.e. 30%-40% and that of other developing economies i.e. 23%- 26% for Mexico, Brazil and South Africa resp. The total tax collected in India comprises of 2/3rd indirect tax and only 1/3rd direct tax, which is extremely unhealthy and direct opposite of the developed countries. It is with this perspective the coming of GST (Goods Sales Tax) was a good breather. With the bringing of automate trails and digitalisation, it has become a bit difficult for people to evade tax reforms and default in paying of the taxes. Secondly, with the coming of GST there has been a pull and push towards the registration and compliances of business units (inclusive of unregistered sellers), primarily due to the peculiar system of input tax credits.

However, notwithstanding the above, the decisions with respect to the tax rates have been disappointing. The issues of paramount confusion are laid down as follows:

  • The GST rates in India are not just broken to four rates- 5, 12, 18 and 28 percent but in reality (as per reports) at least 7 different rates would be in operation. Thus defying the logic behind “one nation one tax” mechanism.
  • Some absurdities includes the GST rate for Gold (3%) and Diamond (0.25%) which are fully imported items and are known for creating current account deficits. Whereas, daily essential items like sanitary pads/ sanitary napkins and medicines attract a GST rate of 18, 12 and 5 resp.
  • Items such as petroleum, electricity and taxes on liquor have been kept away from the purview of GST. The country has seen a rise of 122 percent in the indirect tax collection from the petroleum sector. This is nothing but travesty of the implementation mechanism.
  • The lack of reliable resources and facilities such as Internet access is another disturbance in the entire process. The data states that internet penetration in India is merely 32.8 percent, of which only 15% is from rural areas. Absence of a prepared infrastructure is a major obstacle to bringing up of rural businesses within the paradigm of GST.
  • The absence of legal profession from the paradigm of GST is another issue to tackle in near future. According to government notification, all advocates and senior advocates have been exempted from the purview of registertion under GST.
  • The absence of a clear instruction on availing the Input Tax Credit by “A” from State “X” over his services from State “Y” in the State “Z” is of concern i.e. SGST to CGST in trans-border transactions (services).

It is clear from the aforesaid that tax enforcement is also a matter of discovery and voluntary disclosure. The tax discovery in India has always been of avoidance rather than that of compliance. In the paradigm of forceful application of GST in the current behavioral model from non-compliance to compliance the issue of cultural shift has been overlooked.

In order to implement the GST successfully the government needs to have a clear understanding of the mass(es) requirements. There is a need to bring a shift in the social behavior wherein tax evasion would become a social stigma rather than be considered as a badge of smartness.

-by Boringbug


Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at www.boringbug.com.

 

This Diwali

In the present times, the festival of light a.k.a. deepawali (or diwali) has been reduced to an area of fretful brightness. On one hand the people are confused with respect to the economic development of the country, and on the other hand businesses are confused with respect to the spending strength of the citizens of this country. A dire state of confusion brought out by certain debacles. Yet, International Monetary Fund (IMF) MD Ms. Christine Lagarde has assured us that the country of India has everything already or soon enough it will have what it needs. An ambiguous statement coming from an agency which is primarily dependent upon facts, statistics and data. Well diwali this season certainly is fretfully bright.

India_Diwali_1920_800

In festive terms, this means that we either don’t need anything, or soon we won’t. In either scenario there is no point in us being given anything. Why not, if we have everything then we won’t need anything; or if we will have everything then what’s the point on receiving anything further?

On the other hand, we know that the recent economic interventions have taken their toll, and if Nietzsche was alive and would have gazed into his wallet this diwali, an empty wallet would have gazed back into thee.

Either way, this diwali presents an existential crisis for the people of Delhi. No, not because of the Supreme Court orders or because of the failure of central and state governments, but because of their own spirit. As I stand at the center of Delhi, I can’t help but monger over the nightmares for the people this Diwali. Probably a silent, smokeless diya-lit diwali? A diwali that is traveling back to an era where everything was fine, an effluent ram rajya in the times of existential crisis. Probably, an era before the world discovered gun powder.

At times like this I see a few youngsters smuggling in a carton full of fire crackers. Well, apparently they found out the loopholes in the Supreme Court orders or probably the ram rajya failed.

Either way, I am still wondering’ what to gift to the loved ones this Diwali. Emojis? WhatsApp forwards? Fishy Diwali greetings on Sarahah? Well, thoughts matter not the anonymity. So why not? Probably we can put some hearts into it. Something to lift our spirits up. Something that would urge the government buffoons to slash their wrist and come up with pollution free crackers. But wait, does it matter?

It’s Diwali right. The day of festivities, light and happiness. We’ll do what we do every diwali. Ignore, encompass and celebrate.

Me, well I’ll do what I know best. Sharing my day with my dear ones. Celebrating a green Diwali.

Yes. A happy Diwali to you too!

-boringbug


B

Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at www.boringbug.com.

 

Reviewing The Triple Talaq Verdict

triple-talaq-five-supreme-court-judges_650x400_81503372712
Source: NDTV India

On August 22, 2017, the Supreme Court of India proclaimed a verdict, wherein the misuse of triple talaq practice prevalent in the Indian subcontinent was criticized and ruled against. Primarily, the practice, which is presumed to be discriminatory and unjust to women, stands struck down by the Hon’ble Court on account of its misuse and violation of the fundamental rights doctrine. Howsoever, this welcoming judgment had to take a detour to arrive at its finding, clearly evident from one of its constructive reasoning, wherein it held that the right to religion cannot supersede the right of the government to create regulations over it:

Article 25. Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion:

(1) Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate religion;

(2) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law

(a) regulating or restricting any economic, financial, political or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice;

(b) providing for social welfare and reform

According to the finding of the learned judges, the freedom enshrined under Part III of the Constitution cannot supersede the golden triangle per se Article 14, Article 19 and Article 21 of the Constitution of India. A mere look at the aforesaid article proclaims that the freedom to profess religion is subjected and conditioned to public order, morality and health. If the said freedom affects the secularity or violates the rights of the citizens then the government cannot be prevented from making or bringing into operation a law in this regard. The same can be done to bring in social welfare and reform.

In pursuance of the above, thereof, the Supreme Court of India empanelled a 5 judge bench comprising of judges from 5 different faiths in India- Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism. A rare sight but a master stroke nevertheless. Despite having difference(s) of opinion – the majority view of Hon’ble Justices Rohinton Fali Nariman and Uday Umesh Lalit held triple talaq to be violative of the fundamental right to equality contained in Article 14 of the Constitution. Whereas Justice Kurian Joseph agreed with them that triple talaq must be struck down, but not because it fails the test on the anvil of Article 14, but rather because it is not an integral part of islamic religious practice and is against the basic tenets of the holy quran.

The minority view of two judges consisting of Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar and Justice Abdul Nazeer, being as learned as they are, urged the courts to approach matters of personal law with absolute restraint, underlining that these laws have constitutional protection. However, in common parlance their view was that of dissent wherein it was more preferred to let the government from a regulation over the same to keep a check on the misuse of triple talaq.

This judgment is not bereft of a political context. The verdict was realized almost after three decades after a government in 1986 had overturned a court’s intervention on Muslim personal law in the Shah Bano case. Since then, the demand for reform only grew louder within the Muslim community, particularly among its women. Something that compelled the All India Personal Law Board to pay attention. Albeit, the coming to power of present government with a large mandate has sparked similar fears of majoritarianism amongst the minority. Something that was recently pointed out by a former Vice President of India as well.

Notwithstanding the progressiveness of the decision, the court failed to reflect upon immediate issues despite the demands of the case in hand. One look at the 365 pages judgment of the Supreme Court of India will reflect that the learned bench failed to debate on the issue of gender justice and gender tranquillity. The triple talaq was primarily held invalid in the context that it was not a part of holy quran, was not a religious practice and was violative of article 14. Yet, nowhere did they debate as to how this practice was discriminatory in nature, was violative of the rights of women, and how the same was being misused by a particular gender of a community.

The major setback from the perspective of any rational human is their failure to distinguish between instant talaq and triple talaq. The issue at hand was the misuse of triple talaq i.e. INSTANT TALAQ. The practice of triple talaq is not bad per se, but the failure to keep a check on the same and establishing an institutionalized form for it is what resulted in its misuse. Ironically none of the learned Justices pointed it out.

Another misconception spread by the media houses in India is that the Judiciary held the practice to be unconstitutional. Ironically, only 2 judges out of the 5 held it to be unconstitutional, the third declared it as invalid (void ab initio). If something is void ab initio, then it isn’t unconstitutional but rather illegal to practice.

Furthermore, the court has not unanimously or starkly framed the issue as an opposition between the constitution and personal law, which might lead to a missed chance to uphold constitutional values. But the lack of stridency and grand claims, while striking down the abominable practice of triple talaq, serves a valuable by acknowledging a minority community’s aspirations without being disrespectful of its apprehensions, it keeps the crucial spaces for reform open.

– by boringbug



B

Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at www.boringbug.com.

 

 

The Lady

Is Lady Irwin here?” asked Rahul, panting heavily as he knocked on the door of Mr and Mrs Irwin.

saml-940x626

“The Lady will be downstairs in a minute” replied a sturdy looking man with a dark moustache and a heavy accent. “He must be in his late 40s, probably a military veteran” thought Rahul as he endeavoured to say the correct something to entertain this man of the moment without duly discounting the lady who was about to come. After all, he drove all the way here to talk to her about her husband.

“Do you know many of the people around here?” asked the man with a sturdy voice.

“Hardly a soul” replied Rahul. “In fact in all my years around here, I have barely interacted with many people.”

“Ah! Then you practically know nothing about the story of Mrs Irwin? Do you?”

“Only her name and address.” admitted Rahul. He was wondering whether Mrs Irwin was in a married or a widowed state. The old habitation in the room seemed to suggest something else.

“A tragedy occurred here a few years ago.” the man said with serious expressions as he looked over the window that opened into the lawn. “A tragedy she couldn’t recover from.

“Her tragedy?” asked Rahul with sweat beading from his forehead, as he followed the man’s gaze towards the window. “Has that window got to do anything with her tragedy?”

“Out through that window, three years ago today, her husband and her young brothers went off for their weekly shooting and never came back. In crossing the stream to their favourite shooting ground they all were engulfed in a treacherous piece of swamp. It had been a dreadful summer, rainy and wet, places that were safe on any other given day’ gave way without a warning. Their bodies were never recovered.” Informed the man with his voice now sounding heavy. “Poor lady, always thinks that they will someday come back to her, right through that window. In that hope, she walks up to that window at dusk.” Continuing with his gazing eyes “You know, sometimes on a quiet evening like this, she believes that her husband will walk through that window”.

He broke off with a shudder. It was a relief to Rahul when he heard the lady’s footsteps coming down the stairs. She bustled into the room with a whirl of apologies for being late in making her appearance.

“Ah, you have made yourself comfortable. I see. I hope you don’t mind the open window” said Mrs Irwin, “my husband and brother will be home shortly. They always come this way when they are off for shooting”. She rattled cheerfully about her husband and her brothers. To Rahul, it was purely horrible. He was conscious that the hostess was giving him only a fragment of her attention, and her eyes were constantly straying past him to the window and the lawn beyond.

“Ah, but Miss, who was the gentleman that received me on the door?” asked Rahul, in a desperate attempt to change the conversation. 

“Who?? I was alone in the house at the moment.” retorted the lady.

“The sturdy man with a moustache…”

She suddenly brightened into attention, but not to what Rahul was saying. Her gaze never leaving the window. “Ah! Here they are at last!” she cried.

Rahul shivered slightly on the revelation and turned towards the man with a look intended to convey horror in his eyes. Instead, a photo frame was staring out from the wall behind. The photograph of the same sturdy man with a dark moustache pointing towards the window. In a chill shock of nameless fear Rahul swung round in his seat and looked in the same direction.

In the deepening twilight, three figures were walking across the lawn towards the window. It was the same quiet evening like this, as her husband walked through…

-by boringbug


B

Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at www.boringbug.com.

 

The Other Side of Positive Thinking

You are born wise. Despite not knowing all the answers, you don’t talk or argue back. Thereafter you grow older and impregnate yourself with negative thoughts. Thoughts full of “I can’t(s)”, resultant blocking your own good, frustrating and limiting yourself.

When you block your thoughts with negative(s), you end up creating obstacles, impediments and delays in your life. Ending up denying the intelligence and wisdom residing within yourself.

The provoked negative thoughts often manifest themselves into the emotions of fear, anger, rage or greed. Effectively when attracted by such thoughts, we convince ourselves of being surrounded by destructive situations. Emancipating the start of a vicious cycle.

Unknown to ourselves, lies within us- the never ending wisdom and a rationale universal to all. The knowledge to attract positive forays. Somewhere in between lies the ability to break this vicious cycle. The other side of positive thinking.


Everyone has forays of troubles, problems and own set of issues. Problems unique to themselves. One from which everyone wants to sail through without being hampered or thrashed upon. Yet, there resides within ourselves the ability to resolves issues with our will alone…

What can you do to stay positive and release yourself from the trap of the other side?

  1. Stop judging, and blaming: I tend to not judge people and this has helped me tackle many of the issues ranging from failures to unemployment.
  2. Talk to people (Occasional ranting can help at times): I am an introvert by nature, yet I take time out to talk to the walls, or listen to my family and friends. Talk about things that you want to manifest in your life. This will increase your motivation.
  3. Meditation: Whenever faced with a palpable situation heavy breathing and meditation helps you to calm down. Because when you are under a lot of stress it is easy to lose control over the situation and start thinking negatively.
  4. Learn to “let go”: People often fail to let go of things. Remember, unless you don’t let go of the thing hampering your thoughts, you cannot move beyond the other side of positive thinking.
  5. Follow your hobby: Every person has a hobby which varies from sketching, playing sports or equipment, cooking, or even staring at the walls for indefinite time. Following your passion after work hours will keep you calm, relaxed and your mind sharp.
  6. Look for motivation: Surround yourself with people and things that make you feel good. Whenever you feel down, read a motivational book, a success story, read your favourite inspirational quotes, or just listen to your favourite song. I tend to take inspirations from obnoxious insignificant things. Sometimes I get motivated by watching a cow cross the road, or by hearing the rant of a stranger.
  7. Love and appreciate yourself: You cannot stay positive if you do not like yourself; or put yourself down; or if you do not treat yourself with love and care. Positive thinking starts with accepting yourself the way you are and then striving to become a little bit better.
  8. Express gratitude: People tend to express their gratitude to god, parents or anyone/anything they believe in. Irrespective of your belief you will always find something to feel gratitude for.
  9. One step at a time: Everything takes time. You need to do one thing at a time and gradually move over the other.

-boringbug

 


B

Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at www.boringbug.com.

Does Gandhi Have A Caste- A Take On The Chatur Baniya Comment

Recently, in a political discourse, a high-end political entity called Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi alias Mahatma Gandhi inter alia Bapu, as a chatur baniya. Although highly uncalled for, this ragged statement was highly prerogative. But if not taken in its literal sense, was it wrong?

In March 1922”, as quoted by Ramchandra Guha- “Gandhi was arrested on charges of sedition. When he was produced in the court, the magistrate, as per the law then prevalent, asked him to identify himself by caste or profession. Gandhi answered ‘a farmer and a weaver’ ”.

Gandhi indeed was born in a baniya family, and few of them were weavers or farmers. Howsoever, Gandhi’s description was apt and accurate. As in the erstwhile Sabarmati ashram he did not trade in but weave khadi and experimented with livestock. That statement alone is a primary example of Gandhi’s lifelong commitment to his social life.

Gandhi defied his community’s restrictions and travelled overseas to pursue law. As noted down in his biography, while staying in London he stayed together with a white Christian named Josiah Oldfield. Thereafter in South Africa, he and his wife while breaking the racist stigmas highly prevalent at that time shared a home with a jew “Henry Polak” and a christian “Millie Polak”. These people defied the casteism of Indians and racism of Europeans.

Transcending all boundaries, Gandhi despite being a baniya by birth, he was a Brahmin by nature (a teacher by practice not by virtue), by impulse a Kshatriya (his successful struggle for independence), by choice a Shudra (his humble lifestyle and descriptive work), and a monk by virtue. He was a chattel of all castes, a saint who preached only what he practiced.

Despite being a hindu by birth, he conferred all people irrespective of their religion (Mahomedans, Christians, Jews, Sikhs, Jains, Budhhists etc.) as his spiritual brothers. Recognising that all paths led to salvation, and all were the ways to view god.

A guy of his characteristics who defied the well prevalent practice of untouchability when even his wife was supportive of the orthodox. As Ramchandra Guha notes “when Gandhi arrived in India (1915), he took a family of ‘so called’ untouchables under his shed. This created quite a furor amongst the members of the elite communities. Even his wife was unsupportive of Gandhi. The family was restricted from accessing the common well to brew water. It was the case until Gandhi himself stopped availing that well in the act of defiance”.

Through the decades of his work in India, Gandhi persistently attacked the practice of untouchabilty. Chatur (intelligent) he definitely was. For he attacked these practices in stages. Step by step, and influence by influence. Even amongst his children, he had two adopted daughters, one from the dalit caste (the so-called untouchables) and one of the Christian community. A saint like him, who died while working harmoniously for the benefit of all communities, how one cannot consider him a chatur baniya (intelligent trader). For he was, a trader of good practice and harmonious living.

Albeit, the present BJP is light years away from understanding a man of his stature and belief. A political party with the backing of an organisation that has never transcended caste or religion in its own practice. It is entirely understandable that they labelled and reduced Gandhi to the origins of his caste alone.

-Boringbug


B

Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at www.boringbug.com.

French Presidential Elections and the Busting of the Right Wing Myth

handshake2

France’s presidential elections viz. the electing of Emmanuel Macron’ is being touted as the saviour of the liberal democratic tradition, and the buster of the recently formulated myth. The myth that the right wing ideology has been sweeping the globe with the rise of the extremists. 

To the people unaware of the news, Emmanuel Macron became France’s youngest president, and it’s youngest head of the state after Napolean Bonaparte, by defeating Marine Le Pen’s Front National.

Macron’s election campaign was an interesting take on the issue of right and the left wing, wherein, he portrayed himself and his party as neither left nor right, a liberal who was not a socialist. Unlike his political predecessors and his political opponent who thrived under the veil of fascism and conservatism, Macron transcended what is seen as a political tiff between left and the right wing inter alia the neo-liberals and the conservatives.

The devastating defeat of his opposition is the proof enough that the far right tide sweeping the world has been nothing more than an illusion created and generated by the corporal electoral systems rather than being a mass phenomenon. USA’s president Donal Trump won fewer votes than Hillary Clinton, yet became the head of the state by exploiting the political loophole in the country’s electoral system. In India, Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister by exploiting the dissatisfaction amongst the masses against the existing Indian National Congress, and by riding on the wave of development rather than the people’s right wing ideology. In Holland Geert Wilder’s anti-muslim and anti-immigrant campaign disintegrated against the proportional representation system.

Surprisingly in France (positive emphasis), the voters who supported the left or the right wing decided to transfer their preferences to Macron, who proclaimed himself as a neutral person unlike the candidates in the U.S.A., India, and U.K.

Although, the liberal democratic tradition has a long way to go as it can be seen from the clash of the head(s) of the two oldest democracies in the world, for every country is suffering from the dilemma of nationalism which rides on imaginary greatness purported to unify the sect of masses. Till then the myth, as of now, stands busted.

-by Boringbug


B

Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at www.boringbug.com.

 

Why naming cities after airport is a bad idea? (Pun)

The scourge of renaming streets, alleys, and cities is not unprecedented, neither is the idea of renaming an airport. Recently, the Uttar Pradesh government in India renamed the Gorakhpur Airforce Station to Mahayogi Goraknath Airport after the founder of the Nath monastic movement; and likewise, the Agra Airport to RSS ideologue Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay airport. This is a common process followed by governments in India, and the BJP government seems to be following the footsteps of its predecessors.
However, what is unprecedented is renaming an entire city after an airport. Imagine, to rename the airport of a city, you could just rename the city? Would that be possible?

Looking at the dire state of a country, nothing can be guaranteed. After all, there is no absolute protection against such extreme reclassification.

Imagine the city of Lucknow being renamed as Chaudhari Charan Singh city of U.P.; Singapore being renamed to Changhi city; Eastern Cape in South Africa renamed after East London; New Delhi being renamed to Indira Gandhi; city of Patna after Jaiprakash Narayan; Raipur city to Swami Vivekananda; and Rome being renamed after Leonardo da Vinci. Oh, the irony!

Although there is an earthy honesty in naming places that rings of history, but it resultantly agitates natives and confuses visitors. The former becoming fractious about the selection of the local hero and the latter being forced to mug up the local political history to know if they are flying into the right city.

Perhaps, the principle can be extended to city streets and neighborhoods, to end the menace of political renaming. But this principle cannot degenerate into an assault on history which has been a progress in countries like India, where illustrious names from suddenly suspect dynasties are wiped out in favour of wholesome nomenclature.

Read Full Post


B

Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at http://www.boringbug.com.

The boring bug

73b3c9718402c930a428e163ed8726a5

The scourge of renaming streets, avenues, alleys, and cities is not unprecedented, neither is the idea of renaming an airport. However, what is unprecedented is renaming an entire city after an airport. To rename the airport of a city, you could just rename the city?

View original post 293 more words

THE ART OF DECEPTION: THE RICH V/S THE POOR DEBATE

8-men-own-the-same-weath-as-3-6-billion-people
Source: Oxfam

 

A report by Oxfam reads that the 8 richest people in the world owned approximately 50% of the word’s wealth. Its report “An economy for the 99%” states that “New estimates show that just eight men own the same wealth as the poorest half of the world. As growth benefits the richest, the rest of society – especially the poorest – suffers. The very design of our economies and the principles of our economics have taken us to this extreme, unsustainable and unjust point.

I couldn’t help but wonder as to how could that be possible? Was it because of their hard work alone that they became this rich? Or was it because of their skills alone that they accumulated so much wealth?

The answer to this lies in the historical development of the nations. The accumulation of wealth started with the growth of mercantile capitalism in Europe. It reached its epitome with the massive exploitation of labourers. The communist and socialist ideologies initially were the fight against such exploitation and thereafter the followers of these ideologies waged a war against capitalism. Resultantly nations took up ownership of the natural resources lying within their territories, which led to the rise of the concept of redistribution of resources.

The USA countered communism, which led to a cold war between it and USSR. Despite that, many nations accepted communism as a mean of governance resulting in the rise of welfare states. This brought the philosophy of equality and equity into the picture, with the nations aiming for equal distribution of resources. With the collapse of USSR (1991) the myth of invincibility of communism got dissipated. This decline of communism re-energized capitalism, further encouraging the accumulation of wealth. This led to the extreme disproportionate distribution of wealth.

Excessive accumulation was initially termed as immoral, but in present times such accumulation is attributed to the skill and intelligence of the person accumulating it. Rightly so. This has led to the idealisation of a wealthy person as a smart, intelligent person capable of making money.

In reality, including a scientific approach, it is not possible to accumulate such enormous wealth in a single lifetime. Then how did these 1% excessively rich people get their brain, which the other 99% did not own? If intelligence was the source of wealth accumulation then clearly these people must have had a higher functioning brain (biology anyone).

This level of inequality cannot be described in scientific terms. The level of inequality can be judged from the fact that the rich do not have time to enjoy their prosperity whereas the poor has ample of time but no prosperity.

Though the prosperity of these 8 people has successfully convinced the society that this is a sheer result of hard work and proper planning, which indeed is not entirely true.

– by Boringbug


B

Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com or at www.boringbug.com.

 

 

What India really needs: cow protection or protection of human rights?

Upholding of the above fundamental rights and civil rights of the citizens comes as a prima facie responsibility of the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary. Ironically, instead of upholding the rights of the women and minorities (those in dire need) we have drifted to a different path.

The boring bug

I have been stunned by the alarming development in India’s political fiasco i.e. the rising vigilantism under the shed of cow protection inter alia the rise of gau rakshaks (“cow protectors”). But do we really need cow protectors? If yes, then what should cow protectors be protecting? If their pseudo-moral responsibility is limited to the protection of cows then how did this vigilantism resulted in the death of a human?

I’ll limit my thoughts from the perspective of Indian constitution and a rational human. The constitution of India in its Part IV provides with the directive principles of state policy (“DPSP”), wherein article 48, as reprised below states:

Article48. … The state shall endeavour to organise agricultural and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter, of cows and calves…

View original post 418 more words

The States and their Gun obsession

Image gun-peace

The States and their law enforcement are never complete without the usage of weaponries. With the passage of time, the usage of a gun has become an intricate part of the state system. This can be perceived from the distribution of gun licenses to the civilians in the name of self-defence.

Unfortunately, usage of any kind of weaponry whether lethal or non-lethal results into damage which cannot be undone. Irrespective of any innovation in the usage of guns to bring down the number of casualties- lethal or non-lethal –is not what we need today. For us, indeed the entire world, a gun has become a powerful symbol of the state’s brutality, and dressing it up and sending it packed under the wrap of a peace treaty is no solution to the alienation that afflicts the large population of a society.

What the present times urgently needs is an innovative political strategy to reach out to people of all kinds, instead of warning out the dissenting voices at gun points. Labelling a big section of population and/or branding them as terrorists, anti-nationals etc. is certainly not in any nation’s interest, even if they voice a dissenting opinion. Nor is using of guns or force to disperse such civilians. This is what a true democracy stands for.


Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer.  His blog Boringbug is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts, and opinions. It can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com

THE CHANGING NATURE OF EDUCATION

In this era of globalisation, the interdependency of nation is not restricted to the competitive paradigm of international trade and commerce. It has far reaching impact on the regional, national and intra national diversity of a country, which includes rapid demographic, social, and economic change. Its influence can be perceived from the constantly evolving social norms, and the concept of education is no different to this change.

Education viz. knowing the knowable’ is a vital part of our existence. It determines our efficiency, response and conduct towards a country’s resources. The better the quality, the higher moral resource of a country is determined. Hence, the quality of education system determines the bonafide personalities it is producing. The importance continues to develop in the context of changing global scenarios.

Furthermore, in the present times, the advent of globalized world has resulted into rapidly increasing socio- economic environments, inter-cultural exchanges and high-paced technological advancements. Thus resultantly broadening the horizon of education from the conventional forms of classroom education.

The purpose of education is not limited to academic pursuits or to development of professional acumen, but moralization of a man. It includes the need of a holistic system that provides with values full of compassions, ethics, and engages in the peaceful development of individuals.

Today, there are numerous means of education. Earlier classroom, teachers, and libraries were by large the only mediums of education, but with the introduction of technological platform the identity of classroom, teachers and libraries have changed. We have developed virtual realities which includes virtual mediums changing the entire educational mechanism of human kind.

The challenge today is to reduce the disparity in the educational mechanism and to deal with the concerns with respect to the growing environmental challenges, technological and philosophical threats. To make it sustainable by providing various platforms to interact and exchange ideas which will facilitate the required growth in the education sector. After all, we cannot limit ourselves by only brimming the society with literates.


Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby, and a lawyer. His blog can be reached at boringbug.wordpress.com.
Rakshita Mehta is a blogger who writes for the love of writing. Her blog can be reached at rakshitamehta.wordpress.com.

WHY BOOKS AND SCRIPTURES SHOULD NOT BE CENSORED?


Why books and scriptures should not be banned

Censorship is defined as a suppression or prohibition of any part of a book, film, news, idea, speech, content etc. that is considered obscene, politically & ideologically unacceptable, a threat to security, or is offensive towards a group of people. It is generally performed upon an establishment consisting of ideas, visuals, rhetoric etc. that is based upon a specific view of life. The mass burning of books, the banning of books in countries, removal of chapters etc. from course books, are some prime examples of censorship of books.

The idea of censorship on books is not a new concept. A person at the helm of power decides on a whim as to what part and content of a book should be read and what part should be censored. In recent times, it has been applied on books to avoid the adult base content being read by children, and in general to avoid political contradictions.

The argument that children if exposed to a book not suitable for their age group, would yield hampering results does not persist. In my view, if anyone wants to know about suitability of books for children, generally the synopsis and reviews provide plenty of clues. As far as a child is concerned, he might have difficulty interpreting the heavy content of a book which is beyond his comprehensive ability. In fact, if he is able to comprehend, then age is merely a number for the child. The only factor separating the child from the objectionable content is good guidance and mentoring. After all, he may not be able to absorb the content as deep as he might while watching a visual.

The above analogy can be rebutted on psychological aspect. It is an established fact that what is read is more difficult to visualise than what is seen. In Spinozian sense, you cannot visualise or imagine anything that is not present in nature and is not seen before. (natura naturata). We respond and learn faster from visuals rather than from reading. Hence this justifies why there is a censor board for visuals or movies.

I would rather clarify that I am talking about censoring of books/ novels/ scriptures etc. (written material) in layman term. Everyone is entitled to their own opinion that includes the censoring authorities in their political mindset.

Coming back to why books and/or scriptures should not be censored? The censor board is for visuals which are telecasted all over a state; at the very least, novels are not televised. Unless they are books with visuals, such as a manga or comic books, people will remain benevolent towards the aspect of reading and will not imagine absurd graphics. Since they would not know how it came to be! However, this idea is again questionable, since humans cannot escape their nature and their natural tendencies.

I say that after a certain point humans are bound to learn certain things. Censoring the same in the name of absurdities such as sin would result in the collapse of a society. While visuals show it, books portray it. Reading brings maturity and clarity of thought. This is because we need to read enough to augment rational thoughts. Irrespective of the genre, reading helps us develop logical reasoning. Reading a book and censoring the politically explicit part would be a resultant breach of one’s personal right.

I am of a profound opinion that there should not be any censorship or limitation on books. After all, a person sitting on a chair cannot determine as to what one should and should not read. Information is power; to allow those already in power to censor the opinions of those who disagree with their views is unhealthy and potentially dangerous. We cannot judge and censor an opinion on the mere connotation that it is contrary to our belief.


Boringbug is a blogger, a sketch artist by hobby and a lawyer. His website is a part reflection of his ideas, experiences, dialogues, thoughts and opinions. It can be reached here at boringbug.wordpress.com.