About The Third Revolution In Warfare

Killer Robots!! Have you ever heard this term before? Well, Space-X founder Elon Musk and many other AI (Artificial Intelligence) & Robotics leaders warned UN of the dangers of developing lethal autonomous weapons. They said that these weapons “threaten to become the third revolution in warfare“, after the invention of gunpowder and nuclear bombs.

Recently a South Korean University partnered with weapons manufacturer Hanwha Systems  to develop artificial intelligence for weapons. Although the university later clarified it would not be developing “autonomous lethal weapons” but it raises ethical concerns in the application of all technologies including artificial intelligence.

At a time when the United Nations is discussing how to contain the threat posed to international security by autonomous weapons, it is regrettable that a prestigious institution like Kaist (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) looks to accelerate the arms race to develop such weapons.

If they develop autonomous weapons, it will be the third revolution in warfare. They will permit war to be fought faster and at a scale greater than ever before. They have that potential to be weapons of terror. Despots and terrorists could use them against innocent people, removing any ethical restraints. It will be like Pandora’s box, if opened will be hard to close.

South Korea already has an army of robots which guard the border with North Korea. Also Samsung SGR-A1 carries a machine gun that can be switched to autonomous mode but is, at present, operated by humans via camera links.

And when it comes to the merits and demerits of AI or a question whether AIs should replace soldiers on the battlefield?

We generally think of casualties in the battlefield and there is a potential for reduced human casualties if AI prospers. Also if a machine that takes action for humans can reduce psychological harm in soldiers.

But when it comes down to ethics, Is it possible to create a moral robot? Who will take the blame when and if AI weaponry makes a fatal mistake – the manufacturer, the developer, or the robot itself? Will AIs prove to be an asset or a liability to their human creators?

These questions will necessitate answers eventually but with experts warning against an impending arms race, the answers had better come through sooner rather than later.

“Fully autonomous weapons, also known as “killer robots,” would be able to select and engage targets without human intervention. Precursors to these weapons, such as armed drones, are being developed and deployed by nations including China, Israel, South Korea, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. It is questionable that fully autonomous weapons would be capable of meeting international humanitarian law standards, including the rules of distinction, proportionality, and military necessity, while they would threaten the fundamental right to life and principle of human dignity. Human Rights Watch calls for a preemptive ban on the development, production, and use of fully autonomous weapons. Human Rights Watch is a founding member and serves as global coordinator of the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots.”



Detailed Analysis of The Defence Budget 2018-19

This year Rs 4,04,365 crore allocated for the Ministry of Defence (MoD) out of which Rs 2,79,305 crore is earmarked for India’s defence budget and the balance was distributed between MoD (Miscellaneous) (Rs 16,206 crore) and Defence Pensions (Rs 1,08,853 crore).

The growth in the defence budget and in the MoD’s overall allocation has been driven by manpower cost, a feature that has been seen in the past several years, particularly after the implementation of the One Rank One Pension (OROP) and the 7th Central Pay Commission (CPC) recommendations. The manpower cost driven growth in defence resources has led to an undesirable situation for both military modernisation and operational preparedness in India.

The overall increase in the defence allocations or the Budget Estimate (BE) for 2018-19 has been 7.7 per cent. However, the growth declines to six per cent in comparison to the Revised Estimate (RE) of the previous financial year. However, it is due to an increase in revenue expenditure, while the capital expenditure remains exactly the same. It is also important to note that of the total increases in the revised revenue expenditure, nearly 79 per cent is due to the increase in the pay and allowances (P&A) of the three armed forces. It is also the same P&A that accounts for 70 per cent in the total revenue expenditure and 44 per cent of the overall defence budget in 2018-19.

 Figure 1: Defence Budget Allocations for 2017-18 and 2018-19

Revenue                       Capital Expenditure
Expenditure (Rs in Crore) Total (Rs in Crore)
2017-18 (BE) 1,72,774 86,488 2,59,262
2017-18 (RE) 1,76,516 86,488 2,63,004
2018-19 (BE) 1,85,323 93,982 2,79,305

The 7.7 per cent hike in the defence budget and the 12.4 per cent growth in MoD’s total allocation in 2018-19 have affected the key defence parameters in many ways. Among all the parameters, defence pension, which caters to roughly 2.5 million pensioners, including some 5,62,000 defence civilian pensioners, has seen the highest growth, also it is the biggest contributor to the growth in MoD’s overall allocation. However the share of the defence budget in both GDP and CGE have declined. So far as the defence budget-GDP ratio is concerned, the latest ratio of 1.49 per cent is, in fact, the second lowest since 1950.

The capital expenditure as a percentage of the total defence budget of 2018-19 has increased, it has not been increased enough to correct the imbalance seen in the revenue-capital mix during the last several years. As can be seen in figure 1, the present share of capital expenditure is still six percentage points lower than it was in 2011-12. The capital expenditure actually needs an extra allocation of Rs 29,560 crore, which, at the moment, seems next to impossible.

And among the defence services, the Army has the largest share in the defence budget 2018-19. The Indian Air Force comes at second, followed by the Navy, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), and the Ordnance Factories (OFs).

The Army’s increased share is because of its enormous numbers of personnel. It accounts for over 85 per cent of the total manpower in the armed forces and is responsible for 69 per cent of the total revenue expenditure earmarked. Its pay and allowance alone accounts for 70 per cent of its total revenue expenditure and 58 per cent of its total budget.

Figure 2. Share of Defence Services in Defence Budget 2018-19

It can be conclude that the overall allocation for 2018-19 has not only grown marginally over the previous outlays but also is almost fully utilized at the revised estimate stage. It is, however, not yet clear that if the full utilization of the previous allocation is due to the efficiency of the procurement machinery or because the allocation was barely enough to meet all the committed liabilities. It is true that because of the resource crunch, the total allocation under the modernisation budget has been consistently less than even the projected committed liabilities.

Sources  IDSA  Press Information Bureau PRS India Ministry of Defence Wikipedia (References)

Union Budget 2018-19 Top Developments Highlights

Click Here to Download Union Budget 2018-19 Document (Press Information Bureau) Image result for new gif icon

Experts call it a budget for the rural population of India with not much for the middle class.

Top Developments

  1. Total revenue expenditure of the government is ₹21.57 lakh crore.
  2. 100 per cent deduction to farmer-producer companies having ₹100 crore turnover.
  3. Corporate tax will be reduced to 25 per cent for companies who have a turnover up to ₹250 crore.
  4. No changes in income tax rates for salaried class
  5. Education Cess has been increased to 4 per cent.
  6. Railway capex for the year 2018-19 is ₹1.48 lakh crore.
  7. The government allocates ₹7,148 crore for the textile sector.
  8. Operation Green will be launched for agriculture and the Minister allocates ₹500 crore for this.
  9. The government will contribute 12 per cent of wages of new employees for ALL sectors.
  10. The government will explore use of blockchain technology proactively to boost digital economy.
  11. The government will NOT consider cryptocurrency as legal tender.
  12. Liberalisation of agri exports to benefit the pulses sector
  13. LPG demand growth to rise to over 10% next 2 years given 8 crore new BPL connections targeted
  14. Power, LPG via Ujala and Saubhagya remains area of concern for discoms, OMCs because of lack of recovery
  15. Dedicated fund for affordable housing to improve formal finance penetration
  16. Focus on rural housing, rural roads and rural infra spend will push up employment
  17. Rs 10,000 cr for fisheries to boost seafood exports
  18. Fiscal deficit 2013-14 was 4.4 per cent of the GDP. In 2017-18 3.5 per cent of the GDP. Projected fiscal deficit 3.3 per cent of the GDP.
  19. Rising rural income to improve demand for cement. Rural demand is 33% of total cement demand
  20. The government will recapitalise public sector banks to help them lend an additional ₹5 lakh crore.
  21. Gold monetisation scheme will be revamped to allow people to open hassle-free gold deposit accounts.
  22. Massive health insurance plan a boost for hospitals, health insurers
  23. 18 architecture schools show construction sector importance to economy
  24. Ragi, jowar, moong, maize, paddy to benefit the most. Increase in MSP by 1.5 times cost of production
  25. Micro-pension, insurance via Jan Dhan to boost Financial Inclusion
  26. 23% growth in MUDRA target will help micro-entrepreneurs
  27. Agri-commodity exports limited now. Liberalisation is a big boost to sector
  28. 1 cr houses under PMAY augurs well for lenders. Growth in affordable housing loans to remain strong
  29. Govt’s 12% contribution to EPF for new employees
  30. Fisheries fund a big boost to Rs 140,000 cr seafood industry
  31. ₹2.09 lakh crore under Smart City programme. 10 prominent tourist sites will be developed into iconic ones to boost tourism.
  32. Recapitalisation of PSU Banks will allow banks Rs 5 lakh cr of additional lending in FY19
  33. Proposes inflation-linked revision of salary of Members of Parliament every 5 years
  34. MSME corporate tax for 2018-19 has been cut to 25% up to revenue of Rs 250 cr
  35. Customs duty on mobile phones and parts of televisions will be increased to 20 per cent.
  36. Customs duty on raw cashew will be reduced from 5 per cent to 2.5 per cent.
  37. Announced Ayushman Bharat Programme for TB patients.
  38. National Bamboo Mission for bamboo farming boost, allots Rs 1200 crore.
  39.  The government will set up two industrial defence industrial development corridors in 2018-19.
  40. The FM did not give details of the Budget allocations for the armed force

Full Economic Survey 2018 Volume 1 & Volume 2 : Analysis; Download Full Survey

Key Features of Union Budget 2018-2019Image result for new gif  

This year Ministry of Finance, GOI reverted to the tradition of bringing out Volumes 1 and 2 of Economic Survey at the same time.
Volume 1 of Economic Survey contains the analytical overview and more research-cum-analytical material whereas Volume 2 provides the more descriptive review of the current fiscal year, encompassing all the major sectors of the economy.

Download Economic Survey Summary Sheet Click Here

Download Economic Survey 2017-18 Volume 1 Click Here

Download Economic Survey 2017-18 Volume 2 Click Here

Economic Survey represents the ministry’s view on the annual economic development of the country and it is prepared under the guidance of the Chief Economic Adviser, Finance Ministry.  This document is presented to both houses of Parliament during the Budget Session.

If we talk about the recently released Economic Survey document i.e. 2017-18, Its Volume 1 focuses on contemporary issues related to indian economy such as the GST, the investment-saving slowdown, fiscal federalism and accountability, gender inequality, climate change and agriculture, delays in the appeals and judicial process, and science and technology. Volume 2 deals with an overview of India’s economic performance 2017-18, fiscal developments, monetary developments, inflation, sustainable development, energy and climate change, external sector, service sector, social sector, agriculture and food management, industry and infrastructure, labour reforms, political empowerment of women and Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).


Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has tabled the Economic Survey of India 2018. India’s GDP is estimated at 7-7.5%.

The Key Focus Areas of Economic Survey Report 2017-18
  1. The survey points out that as per the quarterly estimates; there was a reversal of the declining trend of GDP growth in the second quarter of 2017-18, led by the industry sector. The Gross Value Added (GVA) at constant basic prices is expected to grow at the rate of 6.1 per cent in 2017-18 as compared to 6.6 per cent in 2016-17.
  2. The survey underlines that due to the launch of transformational Goods and Services Tax (GST) reform on July 1, 2017, resolution of the long-festering Twin Balance Sheet (TBS) problem by sending the major stressed companies for resolution under the new Indian Bankruptcy Code, implementing a major recapitalization package to strengthen the public sector banks, further liberalization of FDI and the export uplift from the global recovery, the economy began to accelerate in the second half of the year and can clock 6.75 percent growth this year.
  3. The Economic Survey of India points out that the GDP growth has averaged 7.3 per cent for the period from 2014-15 to 2017-18, which is the highest among the major economies of the world. That this growth has been achieved in a milieu of lower inflation, improved current account balance and notable reduction in the fiscal deficit to GDP ratio makes it all the more creditable.
  4. The Economic Survey 2018 also stated that fears of major producing states that the shift to the new system would undermine their tax collections have been allayed as the distribution of the GST base among the states got closely linked to the size of their economies.
  5. Major achievements of past year 1) Implmntng GST, respnding quickly to transitional challnges 2) Tacklng longfestering Twin Balance Sheet challnge by sendng stressd debtors to IBC & bank recap Validation
  6. GST data reveals 50% increase in number of Indirect Taxpayers,, according to the Economic Survey of India 2018
  7. The policy agenda for the coming year: support agriculture; stabilize GST; finish resolution and recapitalization; privatize Air India; head off macro-economic pressures.
  8. The survey points out that India can be rated as among the best performing economies in the world as the average growth during last three years is around 4 percentage points higher than global growth and nearly 3 percentage points higher than that of emerging market and developing economies.
  9. India Economic Survey said that the GDP growth has averaged 7.3 per cent from 2014-15 to 2017-18, which is the highest among the major economies of the world. This growth has been achieved in a milieu of lower inflation, improved current account balance and notable reduction in the fiscal deficit to GDP ratio makes it all the more creditable.
  10. Economic Survey 2018 shows India’s formal sector, especially formal nonfarm payroll, is substantially greater than what it currently is believed to be. It became evident that when “formality” was defined in terms of social security provisions like EPFO/ESIC the formal sector payroll was found to be about 31 percent of the non-agricultural work force. When “formality” was defined in terms of being part of the GST net, such formal sector payroll share was found to be 53 percent.
  11. India‘s exports are unusual in that the largest firms account for a much smaller share of  exports than in other comparable countries. Top one percent of Indian firms account only  for 38% of exports unlike in other countries where they account for  substantially greater  share –(72, 68,  67  and  55  percent  in  Brazil,  Germany,  Mexico  and  USA  respectively).  Such tendencies were also found to be true for the top five or ten per cent of the  Indian  companies.
  12. Economic Survey 2017-18 states that within India, there is significant heterogeneity, with the North-Eastern states (a model for the rest of the country) consistently out-performing others and not because they are richer; hinterland states are lagging behind but the surprise is that some southern states do less well than their development levels .
  13. India Economic Survey encouragingly notes that gender outcomes exhibit a convergence pattern, improving with wealth to a greater extent in India than in similar countries so that even where it is lagging, it can expect to catch up over time. Economic Survey 2017-18, however, cautions that on several other indicators, notably employment, use of reversible contraception, and son preference, India has some distance to traverse because development has not proved to be an antidote.
  14. The Economic survey 2017-18 acknowledges that government‘s Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao and Sukanya Samridhi Yojana schemes, and mandatory maternity leave rules are all steps in the right direction. The Survey states that just as India has committed to moving up the ranks in Ease of Doing Business indicators, a similar commitment should be endeavored on the gender front.
  15. GST launch was one of the major takeaways from financial year 2018. There was a boost in registered direct and indirect taxpayers: A 50 percent increase in unique indirect taxpayers under the GST vis-a-vis the pre-GST system & an addition of about 1.8 million individual income tax filers since November 2016.
  16. There has been a large increase in voluntary compliance under GST. The working of GST Council has shown that cooperative federalism can really work. About 36% of total GST filers, eligible for composition scheme or could have opted out from GST (below GST threshold), filed regular GST returns in first 5 months. GST data provides new estimates of inter-state trade within India: about 60 percent of GDP, more than the 54 percent estimated in last year’s Survey.
  17. As India emerges as one of world’s largest economies, it needs to gradually move from being a net consumer of knowledge to becoming a net producer.
  18.  The Modi government has also been recommended to take “radical follow-up action” to achieve its objective of addressing agricultural stress and doubling farmers’ income.
  19. Economic Survey 2017-18 says that climate change could adversely affect farmers income by up to 20-25 per cent in the medium term, India Economic Survey warned and suggested the need for “dramatic” improvement in irrigation, use of new technologies and better targeting of power and fertiliser subsidies.
  20. The latest India Economic Survey 2018 tabled in Parliament pointed out that India needs to “rekindle” the excitement and purpose that would attract more young people to scientific enterprise as the country is emerging as one of the world’s largest economies.
  21. India needs to gradually move from being a net consumer to a “net producer of knowledge” in order to address some of the country’s most pressing development challenges. A number of reforms to boost industrial growth include Make in India programme, Start-up India and Intellectual Rights Policy.
  22. On the Ease of doing Business, the Economic Survey 2018 highlights that India has leapt 30 ranks over its previous rank of 130 in the World Bank‘s latest Doing Business Report 2018. Credit rating company Moody‘s Investors Service has also raised India‘s rating from the lowest investment grade of Baa3 to Baa2.
  23. Importantly, the survey recognises the importance of education to prepare the workforce, employment for sustainable growth and agriculture as factors that need to be focussed on immediately. Proactive and efficient policy initiatives in these areas can bear fruit and help move the growth trajectory upwards over the next few years.
  24. For the next fiscal FY19, the survey forecasts growth in the range between 7-7.5% and show a meaningful acceleration in the growth momentum. We expect growth to be around the lower end of the band as higher oil prices are likely to take away some part of growth.
  25. The India Economic survey 2017-18 provides a holistic picture of the achievements over the last year and the challenges for the next year. The expectations on GDP growth for the current year at 6.75% clearly signal that the advance estimates were slightly conservative and growth is likely to be slightly higher that forecast.
  26. The demonetisation of high value currency notes in November 2016 resulted in widening of taxpayers’ base and rise in household savings, said the Economic Survey 2017-18.
  27. Besides, the economic survey 2018 said one of the main aims of demonetisation and the Goods and Services Tax (GST) was to increase the formalisation of the economy and bring more Indians into the income tax net, which includes only about 5.93 crore individual taxpayers (filers and those whose tax is deducted at source in 2015-16).
  28. As per the Economic Survey 2017-18 analysis, new filers reported an average income, in many cases, close to the income tax threshold of Rs 2.5 lakh, limiting the early revenue impact. “As income growth over time pushes many of the new tax filers over the threshold, the revenue dividends should increase robustly.
  29. Taking seasonality into account it is found that there is a 0.8 per cent monthly trend increase in new tax filers (annual growth of nearly 10 per cent). The level of tax filers by November 2017 was 31 per cent greater than what this trend would suggest, a statistically significant difference. This translates roughly into about 18 lakh (1.8 million) additional taxpayers due to demonetisation-cum-GST, representing 3 per cent of existing taxpayers.
  30. The average price of the basket of crude India imports rose by around 14 per cent in the current fiscal and is projected to further rise by 10-15 per cent in 2018-19, the Survey said. GDP may be impacted by 0.2-0.3 per cent, inflation will be higher by 0.2-0.3 per cent and current account deficit widen if oil prices were to rise by USD 10 per barrel.
  31. The economy “seems to be picking up quite nicely and robustly” as temporary impact of demonetisation and GST has been decimated. The growth would be higher if exports pick up, he said but listed oil prices and a correction in elevated share prices as downside risks.
  32. “Against emerging macroeconomic concerns, policy vigilance will be necessary in the coming year, especially if high international oil prices persist or elevated stock prices correct sharply, provoking a ‘sudden stall’ in capital flows,” the Economic Survey 2018 pdf has warned.
  33. However, it said that with world growth likely to witness moderate improvement in 2018, expectation of greater stability in GST, likely recovery in investment levels, and ongoing structural reforms should support higher growth. “On balance, country’s economic performance should witness an improvement in 2018-19.”
  34.  For the next year, the Economic Survey prescribed: “Stabilising the GST, completing the twin balance sheet actions, privatising Air India, and staving off threats to macro-economic stability. “Over the medium term, three areas of policy focus stand out: Employment – finding good jobs for the young and burgeoning workforce, especially for women; Education -creating an educated and healthy labour force; Agriculture -raising farm productivity while strengthening agricultural resilience.”
  35. Climate change could adversely affect farmers income by up to 20-25 per cent in the medium term, the Economic Survey 2018 warned and suggested the need for “dramatic” improvement in irrigation, use of new technologies and better targeting of power and fertiliser subsidies.
  36. The Economic Survey 2018 noted that some 35 million tonnes of rice paddy in three adjoining states (Punjab, Haryana and Western UP) are burnt in late October, whose plumes drift eastward, and seasonal load from other sources, including fire crackers during Diwali are top reasons for Delhi’s poor air quality.
  37. Citing various reports according to which Delhi accounts for one of the unhealthiest cities in the world in terms of air pollution, the survey said effective actions suggested by National Green Tribunal, the Supreme Court and others call for strict enforcement through heavy penalties on agricultural waste burning and incentive payments to farmers.
  38. The farmers mainly from Northern India set their paddy fields on fire after harvesting. The resultant smoke, however, gets carried by winds all the way to Delhi and beyond, adding to the existing suspended particulate matter (SPM) and noxious substances that clog lungs and leave behind a near eclipsed sun.
  39.  Besides, implementation of congestion pricing, expansion of public buses, phasing out of old vehicles as also coordination across agencies and governments can prevent the city turning into a gas chamber, especially during winters, the india Economic Survey 2018 noted.
  40. Heavy penalties should be imposed for burning agricultural waste, and more incentive for farmers is needed to prevent alarmingly poor air quality in Delhi-NCR and adjoining areas, the Economic Survey 2018 pdf said.

 Sources  PIB India, India Budget and Financial Express



Rise Up Against The Injustices

A poor creature was dying in front of me and I remained silent, inactive just because it didn’t had vocal chords to scream in pain or I knew that most invertebrates do not feel pain as they mostly lack nocioception structure which is capable of feeling pain, I didn’t felt the pain.

Disgusting! That was a horrific cruelty

Here is the link check it out


All creatures deserve to live their lives free from suffering and exploitation. Let the freedom ring for everyone, guys! for human and otherwise. Please understand that every single being have the ability to suffer in the same way and to the same degree that humans do, they also feel pain and fear whether vertebrates or invertebrates.

Every creature with a will to live has a right to live free from pain and suffering. Get rid of this traditional view that all nonhuman creatures exist solely for human use, only prejudice allows us to deny others the rights that we expect to have for ourselves, whether they’re based on race, gender, sexual orientation, or species, prejudice is morally unacceptable.

Take vital steps to cut thoughtless cruelty to other living creatures out of your life and to educate others around you.




National Register of Citizens: A Way to Segregate Illegal Immigrants From Original Inhabitants

The vagrant illegal immigration into the Indian State of Assam is an issue that has been going on unchecked for decades with a wide socio-cultural, demographic and geopolitical ramifications. The process of preparation of National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam was started in 2005 with a view to identify the illegal migrants and restrict further illegal migration but the protests by minority communities led to the halt of that practice.

However recently the first draft of the updated NRC of Assam was published which is an important milestone in dealing with the influx of illegal migrants from Bangladesh into that state. The objective behind updating and publishing NRC is to compile a list of the names of genuine Indian citizens residing in Assam and detect foreigners (read Bangladeshis) who may have illegally entered the state after March 24, 1971.

Out of 3.29 crore residents of Assam (Census 2011), 1.9 crore names have been included as citizens in the initial list while the second list containing the names of more numbers of citizens is slated to be published in February-March 2018 and the final list containing the names of all Indian citizens in Assam is expected to be published by December 2018.

There was a long standing demand of the Assamese people to detect and deport illegal Bangladeshi migrants from their state. Their demands are genuine and the idea of updating the NRC was not a bad initiative prima facie but NRC is not the panacea for illegal migration and other more efficient measures should be thought out to solve the menace of immigration. And what if Bangladesh will not ready to take those migrants, as India has no deportation treaty with Bangladesh. Those people recognised under this exercise may be deemed stateless and as per deportation norms, they will be sent to Border Areas and they may be deprived of their Basic Human Rights.

The publication of the updated NRC is indeed a positive step but there should be a redressal mechanism of all the pitfalls in this process to make it fruitful in the real sense.

The Unbounded You


We are enslaved by the chains of life; some chains hurt our soul and prevent us from being self. However, some chains are beauty of our lives like the delicate chains of  relationships but remember, we are born free not to be tied in chains of relations, we have to break those chains that keep us imprisoned, terminate those relations which stop us in achieving our ultimate goal. we need to free ourselves, hanging on prevents us from moving forward. we need to recalibrate our life’s energy and unbound all chains because a life in chains always exerts spontaneous pressure to transform our core personality, this is its very nature and it strangulates.. gradually, left us with only one option to perform or to perish and in such circumstances we may either do wonders or get finished.

chains in life.. really sucks!!

But never be an escapist, be a warrior, never kneel down to life. have some faith in self, you may not know how you gonna win but you just know that you not gonna lose. you have to break every chain… and rise.

Nobody else is going to unbound you but you have to be strong enough to fight for self.. free yourself..    go fast..

kill first..    die last..

one shot..    one kill..

no luck..    all skill..

P.S. Please, no comments on this post. I need some rest.
We used to be free,
We used to walk through life like a breeze,
I don’t know why, but life has been dragging us and keeping us busy by throwing complexities ; 
Let’s leave everything behind,
Let’s toss the stresses and the pain goes away,
Life is beautiful, Let’s live our way.

Give wings to your dream

Whatever you desire

Whatever you aspire

Have strength to fight

Have strength to strive

And conquer the world

A world where you learn to fly

A world where you desire

A world where you dream

A world where you endure..

endure the beauty around

Where hope becomes your wings..

and give you strength within

A world where you realize..

realize your true potential

Nothing is impossible as it seems

Converse with hopes

And paint on dreams

Believe in your abilities 

Focus on your strength

The dream you saw

Must be realized

Become an untied energy

Never stop

Never quit

Reach the pinnacle

Command respect

No matter how dark it seems

 Be determined to follow your dreams


to crave your own destiny



A Life Of Our Own


We are really free to live our lives however we wish and to make of them whatever we want to make of them but there will always be people that will tell you otherwise, that will expect and command that you conform but you must break that chain around your neck and begin truly living…


Build your own path because it gives you more satisfaction and control over your life.

Master your own direction in life, rather than letting others do it for you. plough your own furrow and pursue your passion, rather than conform and simply do what others expect of you.

Remember, each day that passes by is one day that you survived..

So live a life with purpose. Set your own rules.   Do things that will make you feel the way you want to feel — not just in the moment, but tomorrow.

There is no turning back in life. There are no redos. When the buzzer hits zero it’s all over…


Life isn’t about finding yourself. Life is about creating yourself.



The power of human mind is to forget and to adopt. it may be a gift or a curse. it may be a beauty or peril of the mind that it can adopt new thoughts and new ways of life easily and quickly while forgetting what it has been preoccupied with. this shows the volatile nature of human mind. it never wants to do the same thing by its very nature, it tries to juggle between too many things and leaves all actions incomplete. this is where we actually do injustice ..

injustice to that task we started .. to that task we left incomplete ..  ..

never leave anything in the middle, once you decide to go for something, just do complete justice to it.


Self administration is a key to provide the thought process of mind to do justice to the action or the task in hand.

It simply means to keep a check on the mind’s processes and help it to remain balanced and undistracted by unwanted desires so as to accomplish a particular task. the more you administer your mind, the more control you have over your life. it is not time that needs to be administered but the mind. time is a neutral entity, it simply exists without any change and it is the mind which gives meaning to it.

Mind actually needs strict and timely dispense otherwise it’ll soon find other lesser alternatives to eventually go adrift leaving all actions incomplete in life.

we need to master the art of self administration to live a simple, meaningful and a just life.

Nitty-Gritty of Wassenaar Arrangement : Indian Perspective

India became member of 2 regimes of  Multilateral Export Control Regime(MECR)  namely Wassenaar Arrangement(WA) (joined recently) and Missile Technology Control Regime(MTCR) (joined in 2016), whereas China is not a member of both WA and MTCR but of Nuclear Suppliers Group(NSG) which India wanted to join, its membership was stonewalled by China. Today the WA membership is expected to build up a strong case for India’s entry into the 48 member NSG.

Wassenaar arrangement  has been established in order to contribute to regional and international security and stability and also aims to prevent the acquisition of conventional arms by terrorists. its member countries are required to ensure that transfers of these conventional arms do not contribute to the development or enhancement of military capabilities (dual-use technology).

The entry of India as its 42nd member shows its strong relationship with US, Russia and France which plays significant role in getting this membership. Russia is a firm and consistent proponent of India’s membership at control regimes, and is very supportive of India’s impressive and impeccable record in non-proliferation. It is different from some other countries that only speak of support.

But this strategic heft shows the positive approach of all countries towards India and their expectation that India would be a balancing force in Asia.


 I heard of this world from where i come from, Please give me a chance to explore, I have longed to walk on this soil, Please let me accomplish my dream. O my mother mine, For you were not persecuted by thy mother, I will be punctured, I will be torn apart, My new bones will be broken, My spick-and-span flesh ripped off.
I can’t voice out my distress, For i am dumb, But i speak with a heavy heart, I don’t understand any language yet, For i am deaf,

But when i heard “ABORTION”

I understood clearly because that’s the only reason i can cry in your belly.


Life In The Waiting

We know life as a vibrant and active pursuit of dreams and goals. We know life as a journey and adventure. We know life as happiness and suffering. We know life as easy and difficult. We know life in all its varied forms but we usually forget and ignore one of the most important qualities of life; it is the quality of waiting.


Life is as much about action and adventure as it is about patience and waiting. When we ignore that it takes time for things to manifest; when we ignore that it takes time and effort to accomplish something; when we ignore that unless we are willing to wait and accept the silence amidst of two activities, we will forget to appreciate and enjoy life.

We are so busy running around all the time that we forget to take a simple and beautiful momentary pause to reflect and enjoy the magnificence of life happening within and all Continue reading “Life In The Waiting”

Western Musical Instruments Have No Place Here


India has imposed 28% GST on Western Musical Instruments. This will include the VIOLIN but NOT the HARMONIUM.

While the Harmonium is an 18th Century creation of Alexander Debain in France, and later imported to India. Also the Piano itself is a combination of various influences including that of the antique Dulcimer (the same parent as the Santoor), and the Harp (which is also an instrument that was common in the ancient trading world and found even in Southern India).

This idea of ‘Truly Indian’ and ‘Truly Western’ is brimming with doubtful origins and mixed histories in many cases. The correct approach is to look at the educational and holistic benefits of instrumental learning for children and adults and review the tax slabs rather than get into biases.

Today SOCIAL MEDIA platforms have unearthed a plethora of musical talent. YouTube sensations are now making it into mainstream festivals and events and new Continue reading “Western Musical Instruments Have No Place Here”

How “RIGHT TO PRIVACY” Impact AADHAR & LGBT Community (Under Section 377 OF IPC)

In a landmark judgment, a nine-judge bench of the Supreme Court today unanimously declared that right to privacy is a fundamental right. “The right to privacy is protected as an intrinsic part of the right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 and as a part of the freedoms guaranteed by Part III of the Constitution,” the court said. The court also overruled two of its earlier judgments to the extent that they said that right to privacy is not protected by the Constitution.

Why The Case

The question whether right to privacy is a fundamental right was referred to the nine-judge bench after two smaller benches were faced with a dilemma. Petitioners had challenged the collection of biometric data under the Aadhaar card scheme of the Union government on the grounds that it violated the right to privacy, which is not explicitly provided for in the text of the Constitution. As the right to privacy in particular instances had earlier been adjudicated by benches of larger strength than that of the two benches that heard the Aadhaar petitions, the nine-judge bench was asked to settle the question of privacy.

What The Government Said

The Centre, through Attorney General K K Venuogopal, argued that there is no fundamental right to privacy because it is not provided for in Part-III of the Constitution, which deals with fundamental rights. He also argued that – for instance, where food is being guaranteed to BPL population using collection of biometric data – privacy could be done away with if doing so guarantees right to life.

What The Judgment Implies

For the Aadhaar Case: Although the case arrived before the nine-judge bench as a result of the petitions pertaining to the Aadhaar scheme, those petitions will continue to be heard by the three-judge bench that was originally hearing the case. However, the petitions will now be heard in the light of the fact that privacy has been deemed a fundamental right that is intrinsic to Article 21 and is part of the freedoms guaranteed under Part III of the constitution. What will be a deciding factor in the case is how right to privacy has been construed by different judges on the bench, which might be used by the petitioners and the government to their respective advantages.

For the challenge to section 377: A larger bench is to hear a petition challenging the 2013 judgment of the Supreme Court which upheld section 377 of the IPC. Five out of the nine judges on the bench have noted the judgment for its incorrect reasoning in today’s judgment. Justice Chandrachud, writing a judgment for himself and three other judges on the bench, stopped just short of overruling the 2013 judgment, since a larger bench is to hear the matter.

“That ‘a miniscule fraction of the country’s population constitutes lesbians, gays, bisexuals or transgenders’ (as observed in the judgment of this Court) is not a sustainable basis to deny the right to privacy. The purpose of elevating certain rights to the stature of guaranteed fundamental rights is to insulate their exercise from the disdain of majorities, whether legislative or popular,” Justice Charachud said in his judgment.

Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul, agreeing with Justice Chandrachud, also ruled that sexual orientation is part of one’s right to privacy.

Other judges too have similarly identified what they considered was definitely part of the right to privacy.

For other litigation related to the right to privacy: All nine judges agreed that right to privacy is a fundamental right under the constitution. However, deciding on the matter meant that each judge had to also state what the court understood to be the right to privacy.

In broad terms, they have defined the right to privacy as part of “right to life and personal liberty under Article 21 and as a part of the freedoms guaranteed by Part III of the Constitution”. Each of the six judgments have also said that there have to be reasonable restrictions on the right to privacy. While the court had to only decide whether privacy is a fundamental right, observations made by individual judges will be important in future litigations.


All sides appeared to be elated with the Supreme Court judgment, with the BJP-led Central government, which had vociferously argued against the right to privacy, also celebrating the judgment.

Here are some of the responses:






Courtesy : YouthKiAwaz (Abhishek Jha)

Success In Becoming You

If I try to be like him, Then who will be like me?


To be what we are,
and to become what we are capable of becoming,
is the only end in life.

An individual who doesn’t know his place and how he can contribute to the betterment of humanity cannot pursue any grand goals and achieve them.It takes a change in perspective and vision to look beyond oneself to make a difference in the world. Continue reading “Success In Becoming You”

About The Fastest Growing Currency : Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a word most of us have heard somewhere or the other. However, most of us have only a minuscule knowledge about it. Through this article, I would like to throw some light on this latest revolution.

Bitcoin is a crypto currency. Simply put, it is a digital form of money. It was designed by Satoshi Nakamoto. Interestingly, no one knows whether Satoshi Nakamoto is a real person or a group of programmers using this pseudonym.


Bitcoin is different from the app based wallets that we are used to, like Paytm and Freecharge. While these apps use actual currency for carrying out transactions, Bitcoin is the currency through which we can transact. Bitcoin itself is a store of value.

To understand this, we first need to know the history of our current system of currency.
Remember the olden days, when there was no money. People used barter system for carrying out transactions. But doing transactions in barter system was cumbersome. There arose a need to have a common denominator which could be used for the simple act of buying and selling. This lead to the invention of money. First it took the form of any and every item which was perceived as precious- shells, precious stones, metals, even animal dung in certain places.
With the advent of civilisations, there arose a need to have a standardised denominator which could be used for trade throughout the empire. First coins were minted. Coins prevailed during the dark ages. But as civilisations grew, demand for currency grew too.
Soon demand for coins-far outstriped its supply. There just wasn’t enough metal to keep up with the supply. The solution- Notes were conceived. And today, we have a mixture of coins and notes as the drivers of world economy.


People have faith in their currency. But these coins and notes are not true money. They are merely representative money. If you have a 2000 rupees note, it doesn’t mean you have 2000 rupees. What you have rather, is a promise by the government of the day, that they will pay you 2000 rupees worth of true currency (in most cases Gold) whenever you demand it.
If you are able to understand this, you will surely understand what a bitcoin is. Bitcoin is in essence that Gold, figuratively. It holds value by itself. It does not derive its value from any source.
Also, it does away with major flaws of Gold as a store of value. It is infinitely divisible (8 decimal places normally, more with consensus of the network).
It is a decentralised currency. This is a very big statement. It means that no one has the right to create bitcoins. Our paper currency decisions are taken by bankers and governments, but in case of bitcoins, there is a fixed supply limited at 21 million. Moreover, these are not just there. These have to mined.
The mining process involves compiling recent transactions into blocks and trying to solve a computationally difficult puzzle. The first participant who solves the puzzle gets to place the next block on the block chain and claim the rewards. The rewards incentivize mining and include both the transaction fees (paid to the miner in the form of Bitcoin) as well as the newly released Bitcoin.

More about Blockchain


What particularly caught my attention is the investment opportunity in Bitcoins. Past reports have shown a 30,000 times rise in the price of bitcoins since its inception. In fact, in the short term, its price has risen astronomically. Over the past one year, it has increased almost four fold from less than $500 to $2072 (21-05-2017).
Rather than only speculation, this increase is also based on one of the most fundamental law of Economics- the law of Demand and Supply.
There will only be 21 million bitcoins in existence at any point of time- neither one less, nor one more. And when demand is not met with supply, the prices are bound to increase.
Many well known analysts have bet that the price of one bitcoin can easily touch $100,000. Some opportunists claim the amount to be $500,000. As a CA student, it wouldn’t hurt me if I were to assume it to rise to just $3000, for that would roughly translate to a 33.33% profit.
Just FYI- @$100,000 – profit would be 4900%
and @$500,000 – profit would be a whopping 24,900%.

The universe prefers balance. The same applies to Bitcoins too. Till now, you just read about the bright side of bitcoins. You were only shown the rosy picture. But now prepare yourself for the anticlimax.
Most of the exchanges which allow trading of bitcoins charge a certain percent as fees. It can vary from 0.3% to as high as 10%.
Secondly, these exchanges are not always safe. Classic example of this is Mt.Gox- the $460 million disaster of bitcoins. The underlying blockchain which powers bitcoins transactions cannot be hacked but the exchanges can be hacked into.
Thirdly, many illegal activities and terrorist fundings are done through bitcoins. The Ransomware is most recent example of how hackers can use this technology and yet remain incognito.


Bitcoin is the technology of future. It has the potential to overthrow all the existing currencies of the world. Transparency and decentralization are its forte. Just imagine a world where power to create money is not in the hands of a few select individuals but can be mined by anyone who has the required hardware and software.
Truly, a revolution has begun. Not the conventional revolution but one which has the potential to disrupt the power balance of the world without even firing a single bullet!

An Insane Indian Society

An article written by me, the frustrated soul, in wake of Bengaluru Mass Molestation

” The city of Bengaluru ( Bangalore) is set to witness mass protests over the recent incidents where women were groped, molested and harassed on New Year’s Eve despite strong police presence.. . A number of protests have been planned, with the first one being in front of the Karnataka High Court. Protesters carrying signs reading, “Touch me not,” “It’s not okay” and “My outfit is not an invitation,” gathered outside the judicial building, which is located next to the Karnataka legislative assembly building. .  “

You have probably heard the phrase, “We are what we repeatedly do “.

So, What Indians repeatedly do?

rape? ,  molestation? , harassment? , honour-killing? , female foeticide? ,and ?

It is our habits that defines us , not our circumstances . If you want to change your character , change your habits. Continue reading “An Insane Indian Society”

Beyond Appearances

A flower is a weed seen through joyful eyes.
The virtue of anyone or anything is solely in our perspective.

See gold, and there is gold; see lead and there is lead.
If you see this thistle as a thorny nuisance, then it is a weed.

If you appreciate its bright pink bloom, then it is a flower.
It becomes what you name it.

The power is in your choice, your perspective, your speaking.

There is no truth.
There is only perception.

Judgements prevent us from seeing the good that lies beyond appearances.